Background to the PLI scheme
As a measure to bring about structural reforms in the manufacturing sector and promote domestic manufacturing, the government announced an outlay of Rs. 1.97 Lakh Cr. for the Production Linked Incentive (PLI) Schemes across 14 key sectors, to create national manufacturing champions and to create 60 lakh new jobs. The scheme targeted an increase in manufacturing output by Rs. 30 lakh Cr. over the next 5 years.
Key Objectives of the PLI scheme
Source: National investment promotion & facilitation agency
The basic premise on which the PLI schemes stands are as follows:
The strategy behind the scheme is to offer companies incentives on incremental sales from products manufactured in India, over the base year. The scheme also invites foreign companies to set up units in India alongside encouraging local companies to set up or expand existing manufacturing units, generate more employment, and cut down the country's reliance on imports.
PLI – Dovetails other manufacturing incentives
In addition, to the PLI scheme which is the government’s flagship program on domestic manufacturing, the government currently offers several other incentives to manufacturers in select sectors. Notable amongst them are in key sunrise sectors as below
Source: Government of India, News articles, MeitY, Investec Securities Research
Incoming data for overall projects under implementation (as compiled by CMIE) for QE Jun-22 illustrated a broad based pickup in both private and public investment projects. While growth in public projects under implementation grew to a four-quarter high, private projects rose above previous quarter levels, albeit at a slower pace. Within new investments, whilst private investments accelerated on a four-quarter trailing basis, public investments decelerated.
Source: CEIC, Morgan Stanley, Haver Analytics
Sector data within new investments shows that growth moderated for all sectors barring electricity, which jumped up driven by base effect. Implementation of Production Linked Incentive (PLI) schemes for 14 sectors (including semiconductors) augurs well, in our view, for indigenous manufacturing capabilities to gather pace in the coming months. In terms of foreign investments, FDI flows remain robust, tracking at 2.7% of GDP on a 12-month trailing basis as of Apr-22.
Furthermore, while growth in center’s capex in FYTD23 is hovering at 70.1% YoY, it is expected to average at 24.5% YoY in F2023 as per budgeted estimates, as capex touches an 18-year high of 2.9% of GDP. In addition, the trend in state capex shows a slight moderation, albeit robust investment activity by states recording double-digit growth.
Another visible change is the change in sourcing strategies by large international manufacturers. With surging demand for products, the PLI scheme has become a trigger for global manufacturers to build/assemble products in India to meet domestic demand. Further, to optimize scale of operations a small proportion of external demand is also being catered to from Indian shores.
The situation in China and the need to adopt a China+1 manufacturing base has accelerated the pace of domestic capex by foreign multinationals. Examples as below
Source: Investec, Company reports. Data as on 28th July 2022. Stocks sectors mentioned are meant for illustrative purposes and should not be treated as recommendations or investment advice.
Below examples provides a breakdown by sector of the capex projects indicating that investment activity is gradually gaining strength and breadth.
Source: Ministry of Commerce, Investec Securities Research. Data as of 28th July 2022
Annexure - Industry Wise Update
* The total projected investment value excludes the estimated investments for semiconductors. US$20.5bn is announced for phase 1 of the scheme. Final details are awaited.
Source: Morgan Stanley, Ministry of Commerce, MEITY. Data as of 28th July 2022. Stocks/sectors mentioned are not to be treated as investment recommendations or investment advice.
Source of Data: Axis MF Research, Investec Securities Research, Morgan Stanley, Ministry of Commerce, MeiTY.
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