RBI Monetary Policy: Under Control

Mutual Fund
Feb 8, 2023 by Axis Mutual Fund | Mutual Fund | 0 Downloaded

After a pro-growth and a fiscally conscious budget, the RBI backed up the government with a market consensus policy announcement. The RBI MPC on 8th February 2023 decided to raise policy rates by 25 bps, in line with market expectations. The governor stated the RBI’s current objectives remained the 3 simultaneous targets – to keep inflation expectations anchored, break core inflation persistence & contain 2nd order effects of inflation.

The governor also conceded that the global economic outlook has improved materially from a few months ago. Growth prospects in major economies have improved, while inflation is on a descent, though it still remains well above the target in major economies. However, uncertainty and risks in the external sector warrant a keen eye from a policy standpoint.

Policy Action

  • Policy repo rate increased by 25 bps to 6.50%

  • The Standing Deposit Facility (SDF) rate stands adjusted to 6.25% and

  • Marginal Standing Facility (MSF) rate and the Bank Rate to 6.75%.

The RBI also reviewed its estimates for inflation and growth as below. While inflation especially core inflation continues to remain elevated, the RBI has built in some degree of buffer estimating crude prices for the year at US$95/barrel. Currently the India crude basket hovers at US$83/barrel.

The RBI reviewed its estimates for inflation and growth

Source: RBI Governor’ Statement dated 8th February 2023

Notably, despite the overall optimism through the statement, the below statement by the governor should be read closely -

“We need to see a decisive moderation in inflation. We have to remain unwavering in our commitment to bring down inflation. Thus, monetary policy has to be tailored to ensuring a durable disinflation process.”

The line along with conservatism on guidance for both GDP & inflation indicate a hint of hawkishness in the tone of future policy actions. On the positive side, with the rate hike and inflation estimates, the RBI has finally achieved real positive rates in India – Good news for Indian savers in Indian debt markets! Basis policy rates at 6.50% and RBI’s CPI inflation estimate for FY 2023-24 at 5.3%, real positive rate now stands at 120bps.

Market Reaction

Market reaction was reacting largely to the possibility of further reduction of system liquidity driven by redemption of LTRO & T-LTRO securities due between February 2023 and April 2023. The curve has moved higher by ~5-7 bps. The 10-year benchmark G-Sec was trading at 7.35% at the time of writing this note.

Key Policy Announcements

  1. Introduction of Securities Lending and Borrowing in Government Securities

    In an attempt to deepen the government bond market, the RBI has now permitted participants to engage in lending and borrowing securities from the G-Sec market. The move is aimed at boosting liquidity in the Government securities market, aiding efficient price discovery. It is likely that this will augment the existing market for ‘special repos’.

  2. Market timings normalized to 9 AM to 5 PM

    As part of our gradual move towards normalizing liquidity and market operations, it has now been decided to restore market hours for the Government Securities market to the pre-pandemic timing of 9 am to 5 pm. The RBI had restored market hours from 9.00 am to 5.00 pm in several segments of the money market in December 2022.

Our View

The current yield curve presents material opportunities for investors in the short to medium term space. For investors with medium term investment horizon (3 Years+), incremental allocations to duration may offer significant risk reward opportunities. For investors with short term investment horizons (6 months - 2 years) money market strategies continue to remain attractive offering competitive ‘carry’ and low volatility.

The policy also caps of a busy week for debt market participants, as it digests, the budget, the US Fed action, and other central bank actions. Going forward markets should operate with normalcy as no news is often good news in terms of market action.

On inflation, we believe the RBI remains focused on bringing down inflation and even remains cautious of markets getting over-optimistic. While our call for lower inflation for the next year stands, our call to action on portfolios will be driven by high frequency data and the actual inflation prints as they are released.

Growth may trend slightly below RBI projections due to lingering pressures from the base effect and external factors, but we remain constructive from medium term perspective. Overall the Indian economy is backed by resilient domestic spending & government capex. While we believe, we are at the peak of policy rates, inflation and the US Fed action can be wildcards for market participants.

RBI projections due to lingering pressures from the base effect and external factors

Allocation and strategy is based on the current market conditions and is subject to changes depending on the fund manager’s view of the markets. Data as on 31st January 2023

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Source of Data: RBI Governor’ Statement, RBI Monetary Policy Statement & RBI post policy press conference dated 8th February 2023, Axis MF Research

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